Tag Archives: 上海后花园

China outlines vision for future transport model

BEIJING — China has outlined its vision of a strong, modern transport network, with Chinese characteristics.

At a press conference Tuesday on the development of China’s transport system, Ministry of Transport spokesperson Wu Chungeng spoke of zero distance, zero emissions, zero mortality and zero inventory.

Developing transport in China is part of the goals mentioned in a key report delivered at the 19th Communist Party of China (CPC) National Congress in October, putting it high on the government agenda.

The transport-strong nation that we are trying to build should have a world-leading transport system, satisfy the demand of its people, and support socialist modernization, Wu said. To realize the goal, China should lead the world in terms of transport quality and efficiency, technological innovation, industry governance, and international influence.

Wu emphasized many key aspects of China’s transport vision, including the importance of the environment, personal safety and being people-focused.

He said the country wanted to build a modern logistics system with warehouses on the move, effectively improving efficiency with what he called zero inventory.

China’s transport industry has seen rapid development, with 1.28 million km of rural roads built or renovated in the last five years, and over 99 percent of townships and over 98 percent of villages now connected by asphalt or cement roads.

Total road mileage has increased by 534,000 km, railways in operation grew by 27,000 km, and over 7 billion trips have been made on high speed railways from 2012 to 2017.

By building a global transport supply chain that connects the urban and rural areas in the country and links China with the world, the transportation industry can play an important role in China’s goal to realize socialist modernization, Wu said.

China is already a world leader in technologies such as high-speed railways. Besides an increasingly intricate domestic high-speed railway network, China is also helping other countries with transport infrastructure construction.

Chinese companies are carrying out more than 20 railway projects overseas, with a total investment of 100 billion yuan (about $15 billion), China’s railway authorities said in November.

The corporate burden has been reduced significantly in China, with the country cutting logistics costs by more than 88 billion yuan ($13.4 billion) in 2017, through measures such as the removal of a number of road tolls and the introduction of streamlined traffic services.

According to Zhang Dawei, a transport ministry official, China plans to cut more logistics costs in 2018 through measures including streamlining charges at ports.

The country will continue to push supply-side structural reform in the transport realm, improving weak links through reasonable and effective investments, Zhang said.

In 2018, China plans to build 5,000 km of expressways, build and renovate about 200,000 km of rural roads and increase inland waterways by over 600 km.

Wu said that China intended to pilot a project on green cargo delivery next year, encouraging the use of clean energy-powered trucks and Internet-based information sharing systems.

Premier Li arrives in Cambodia for second LMC leaders’ meeting, official visit

PHNOM PENH- Premier Li Keqiang arrived Wednesday for the second Lancang-Mekong Cooperation (LMC) leaders’ meeting and an official visit to Cambodia.

I look forward to joining my colleagues in Phnom Penh for the second LMC leaders’ meeting and to discussing with them future action plans of cooperation in water conservancy, education, culture, youth and many other areas, Li said in a signed article published on Khmer Times, a leading English-language newspaper in Cambodia, ahead of his visit.

I am confident that these efforts will lead to even more fruitful outcomes, added the premier, who will co-chair the leaders’ meeting with Cambodian Prime Minister Samdech Techo Hun Sen.

During the meeting, leaders of the six LMC countries — China, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam — will review the progress made through the sub-regional cooperation mechanism and discuss the future of cooperation, according to Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang.

Initiated by China in 2014, the LMC mechanism focuses on five priority areas of cooperation: connectivity, production capacity, cross-border economic cooperation, water resources management, as well as agriculture and poverty reduction.

The Lancang River originates on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in southwest China. It is called the Mekong River as it flows through Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam before emptying into the sea.

As to the official visit, which comes as the two neighbors are poised to celebrate the 60th anniversary of their diplomatic relations this year, Li will meet with Cambodian King Norodom Sihamoni, and hold talks with Hun Sen to promote bilateral cooperation.

It is estimated that China has built more bridges and more roads in Cambodia than any other country, the Chinese premier said in his article. In my view, the best bridge China has built is the bridge of friendship between our peoples, and the best road is the road leading toward common development.

The very purpose of my visit is to continue building that bridge and that road, he said.

No letup in fight against corruption

China will continue its hunt for corrupt officials who flee overseas and their illegal assets, including the establishment of international cooperation mechanisms, the top anti-graft body pledged on Saturday.

In an article published on the website of the Communist Party of China Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, an unnamed official from its International Cooperation Bureau said the agency will not cease in its pursuit of fugitives in hiding around the globe.

The agency said it would send a strong signal to the world that “no matter where they escape to, they cannot escape the law and will be definitely be brought to justice”.

The CCDI is leading a Central Anti-Corruption Coordination Group, which in 2014 launched Sky Net, a far-reaching campaign to snare economic fugitives abroad and confiscate ill-gotten gains.

According to the latest data, more than 3,300 fugitives suspected of economic crimes had returned to China from more than 90 countries and regions, including the United States, Canada and New Zealand, and illicit assets worth 9.36 billion yuan ($1.4 billion) had been recovered.

The CCDI article said that in 2016 fewer corruption suspects fled overseas than in previous years, declining from 101 in 2014 to 31 in 2015, and 19 in 2016. The number is four so far this year.

For the next step, the office will deepen international cooperation in anti-graft campaigns, build a global network to catch criminals, showcase China’s determination in fighting corruption, and build a new order in international anti-corruption, according to the article.

The agency will also strengthen its effort to keep the Belt and Road Initiative corruption-free, it said.

At the same time, for the anti-graft campaign at home, the CCDI vowed to keep its strategic focus, deepen political inspection, and make sure there are neither no-go zones during inspections nor tolerance of corruption.

It will continue to find issues, conduct full and comprehensive inspections, and ensure Party members exercise strict self-governance in every respect.

To achieve these goals, it will make connecting inspection offices across all levels of government as its focus.

The central government will expand trials of a national supervision system, which has been tested in Shanxi and Zhejiang provinces and Beijing, to all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities.

The commissions will be given the powers and tools to investigate corrupt activities carried out by both Party and government officials in accordance with the law. These commissions will be formed at the annual provincial, city and county-level people’s congresses, held around the turn of the year.

A national supervision law will also be formulated, General Secretary Xi Jinping said when delivering a report on Oct 18 to the opening session of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.

In early October, the top anti-graft watchdog announced about 1.34 million village and county officials, including 648,000 Party members, have been sentenced for corruption since 2013.

As a result, 94.8 percent of county-level Party organizations have set up anti-corruption monitoring mechanisms.

Made in China 2025 seen as a key priority for govt

In the past year, the government has been committed to transforming the manufacturing industry into a smart, high-quality sector by providing greater policy support and establishing national demonstration zones for the Made in China 2025 initiative.

Last year, the initiative, which was introduced in 2015, became a priority for the State Council, China’s Cabinet, as Premier Li Keqiang presided over three executive meetings intended to push forward the strategy and raise the competitiveness of manufacturing.

On May 17, the State Council approved six measures to further promote the initiative and the transformation of the manufacturing sector. The meeting focused on key technologies such as sensors, industrial software and management systems, and also aimed to improve research and development in technologies such as new materials.

A meeting on July 19 approved several national demonstration zones for the strategy, involving 12 cities and four city clusters. The cities are Ningbo and Huzhou in Zhejiang province, Quanzhou in Fujian province, Shenyang in Liaoning province, Changchun in Jilin province, Wuhan in Hubei province, Wuzhong in the Ningxia Hui autonomous region, Qingdao in Shandong province, Chengdu in Sichuan province, Ganzhou in Jiangxi province, Guangzhou in Guangdong province and Hefei in Anhui province.

The demonstration zones will be given greater financial support, professional training programs and streamlined administrative procedures.

An executive meeting on Sept 6 decided that the upgrading of the quality management system will be completed by the end of this year, while service providers and small and microenterprises will be encouraged to join the system.

Upgrading of the manufacturing sector has been a key priority for the State Council since Made in China 2025 was proposed in late 2014. In March the following year, Li used the Government Work Report to announce a plan to promote the concept.

In 2016, the premier presided over four State Council executive meetings to move the strategy by further promoting its integration with the Internet Plus initiative, which combines the internet with traditional industries, along with the standardization of equipment manufacturing and improving the quality of consumer goods.

Visiting manufacturers was a must for Li during his tours of the provinces of Shandong, Shaanxi and Hubei last year, illustrating their importance.

The executive meetings were in line with the policy support and coordination demands required by China’s transformation, said Zhu Sendi, a consultant with the China Machinery Industry Federation.

As early as 2010, the nation’s manufacturing sector output was the highest in the world, but China still trails developed economies in terms of quality, innovation, industrial structure and sustainable development, he said.

Transformation into a stronger manufacturing sector will require a large number of innovation-oriented professionals, which will require reform of the education system, along with a good business environment which will encourage innovation and entrepreneurship, he added.

Huang Qunhui, director of the Institute of Industrial Economics at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said the sluggish global economy means Chinese manufacturers must improve the quality of their products and improve competitiveness to win market share.

China confident, capable in tackling challenges in IPR field: Official

BEIJING — China has confidence and capability to deal with any challenges in the field of intellectual property rights (IPRs), an official with the State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) said Saturday.

China’s achievements in innovation were made not through stealing or plundering, but based on the down-to-earth efforts of the Chinese people, said Zhang Zhicheng, head of the department of IPR protection and coordination affairs under SIPO.

The claims of the US Section 301 investigation on China’s technology transfers and innovations are just groundless, he said.

The enhancement of China’s manufacturing capability and international competitiveness is attributed to the country’s huge investment in innovation and the competitive advantages of the manufacturing sector including a sound industrial system and a large number of skilled workers and innovative enterprises, Zhang said.

China has gained recognition from both home and abroad for its improvement in IPR protection, and registered more international applications as a result, he said.

The intellectual property system is to protect innovation outcomes, ensure fair competition and promote technology transfers so that the innovation achievements could be shared by humanity, Zhang said.

It is unreasonable to merely stress one’s own interests while ignoring the principles of multiple agreements for cooperation, he said.

New bank chief considered reformer with steady hand

Yi Gang. [File photo/IC]

China’s overhaul of key government positions, which led to the election of a new central bank governor and finance minister on Monday, sends a message of policy continuity in an effort to push forward reform while preventing financial risks, political observers said.

Yi Gang, 60, the former vice-governor of the central bank, was elected by the country’s top legislature to take over the helm at the People’s Bank of China, the central bank, from Zhou Xiaochuan, who had been in the job for 15 years.

The new governor, who joined the bank in 1997, pledged to implement prudent monetary policy, make progress on financial reform and opening-up and maintain financial stability. That will be the “most important task”, and China’s financial sector should remain stable, Yi said after his nomination was endorsed at a meeting of the annual session of the 13th National People’s Congress.

“More policies and measures on financial reform and opening-up will be announced at the upcoming forum held in Boao, Hainan province, next month,” Yi said.

With a doctorate in economics from the University of Illinois in the United States, and more than 10 years as vice-governor of the central bank, Yi is seen as a reformer who supports market-oriented reform and has helped Zhou to achieve a more flexible exchange rate regime and strengthen the yuan’s role in global usage.

“His academic background and his long and varied experience in different positions at both the PBOC and the State Foreign Exchange Administration make him a technocrat, with, in our opinion, the ability to make professional and sound judgments on policy decisions,” said Zhao Yang, chief China economist at Nomura Securities.

The major challenge for the new governor in the coming years may be advancing financial reform at a proper pace amid the country’s financial deleveraging, experts said. Yi is expected to ward off systemic financial risks and explore ways to better manage shadow banking activities and internet financing, they said.

Yi said at a news conference on March 9 that the country will continue its financial opening-up, including lowering market access thresholds for foreign investors and furthering capital account liberalization, but the move will be taken realistically and cautiously.

Separately on Monday, Liu Kun, director of the budget commission of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, was elected as the new finance minister. Liu was vice-governor of Guangdong province from 2010 to 2013 and vice-minister of finance from 2013 to 2016 before joining the NPC in late 2016.

Steven Zhang, chief economist at Morgan Stanley Huaxin Securities, said that the main goal of the government’s fiscal policy this year will be offsetting any negative impact of the ongoing financial deleveraging and maintaining stable growth.

China gains on environment

Cabinet reform signals determination to ‘ramp up pollution control efforts’

China’s unprecedented focus on environmental protection and its pledge to prevent foreign garbage from crossing its borders are industry game changers, according to two environmental observers in the United States.

In presenting the Government Work Report to the annual session of the National People’s Congress, Premier Li Keqiang said the notion that “lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets” has been followed with resolute action and intensity as never before to strengthen environmental protection.

“We have struck out hard against air pollution, achieving a drop of over 30 percent in the average density of fine particulate matter in key areas,” he said. “We will completely prohibit garbage from being brought into China.”

Alex Wang, assistant professor at the School of Law of the University of California, Los Angeles, said, “The Chinese leadership’s focus on environmental protection has never been higher.”

China’s latest Cabinet reshuffle during the NPC session also signals its determination to ramp up pollution control efforts, said Wang, a leading expert on environmental law.

“The reform to create a Ministry of Ecological Environment and a Ministry of Natural Resources with expanded regulatory powers seems intended to centralize environmental protection authority, reducing fragmentation and turf battles among disparate agencies,” he said.

Moving forward, China is still going to face a difficult road in the fight against environmental degradation, adding that the leadership will do its best to draw from all the resources it has at its disposal-not just State authority, but also the power of citizens, civil society groups, media, innovative businesses and international partners, all of which are poised to contribute to the cause, he said.

In an effort to protect the environment and public health, China banned the import of 24 categories of solid waste-including plastic and paper-on Jan 1. The effort was given a shot in the arm by Premier Li, who vowed in his speech on March 5 to “completely prohibit” the garbage.

Jennifer Turner, director of the China Environment Forum at the Woodrow Wilson Center. [Photo provided to China Daily]

Jennifer Turner, director of the China Environment Forum at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, said China’s decision to block many plastic recyclables is a global game changer, forcing cities in the US and Europe to figure out what to do with their huge mountains of plastics.

European Union regulators are searching for ways to recycle more plastic, as waste piles up in ports after China’s foreign garbage import ban, according to Reuters.

Announcing a new policy push in January, European Commission Vice-President Jyrki Katainen said Brussels is mulling the imposition of a tax, curbs on throwaway items like plastic bags, quality standards and new rules at ports, among other restrictions.

“In the short term, a lot of cities will have to landfill these recyclables, since the US does not yet have a big enough demand for these recyclables in our manufacturing sector,” Turner said. “It is possible that this could force bigger conversations about how our consumers should lessen their use of plastics, but as you know this will be a tough change for Western countries and China.”

Turner said a big driver of China’s ban is the expansion of the government’s war on pollution.

China’s landfills are bulging, illegal waste dumping is a growing headache and the favored solution among city governments-to incinerate-is creating health and pollution problems, she said.

In addition to dozens of cities being selected by the government to test mandatory garbage sorting, Turner said, it is good to see that many others have been voluntarily experimenting with sorting and recycling to address the public’s growing concerns about incinerators.

She said there have been “some true victories” with respect to China’s air pollution, but the country still faces major challenges in controlling emissions from vehicles, which are climbing higher even as emissions from coal burning drop.

The challenge of dealing with pollution in rural areas is huge, particularly poorer regions in western China, where a lot of the coal pollution problems have been shifted, she added.

“I know the ‘No 1 document’ this year focused on rural development and I hope it will mean greater efforts on rural pollution,” she said.

Wang Yincheng, former deputy Party chief, pleads guilty to accepting bribe

Wang Yincheng, former deputy Party chief and president of the People’s Insurance Company of China, a State-owned enterprise, stood trial and pled guilty to several charges, including accepting a bribe, in Fuzhou Intermediate People’s Court in Fujian province on Monday.

A prosecutor from the Fuzhou People’s Procuratotrate and Wang and his defense lawyer attended the court procedure, the Court said in a statement.

Wang was accused of taking advantage of his posts at the People’s Insurance Company of China from 2006 to 2016 to seek profits for others, including project contracts, promotion of duties, job employment and accepting a bribe of 8.7 million yuan ($1.38 million) in return, the court said.

During the trial, the public prosecution agency showed relevant evidence, and Wang pleaded guilty in court, it said.

Some 48 people from all walks of life attended the public trial.

Localities and road shows provide more drivers for growth

More cities in China are set to host major international diplomatic conferences, with three of the four events to be held in the country this year located outside Beijing.

Boao, a coastal town in the southernmost province of Hainan, has provided a permanent venue for the annual conference of the Boao Forum for Asia since 2001. Meanwhile, senior officials have highlighted this year’s meeting, which will be held next month, as the first major diplomatic event to be hosted by China this year.

Qingdao, a coastal city in the eastern province of Shandong, is home to one of the world’s busiest ports, and in June it will for the first time host a high-level multilateral event-the Summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

Meanwhile, after hosting the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation’s Economic Leaders’ Meeting in 2001 and the World Expo in 2010, Shanghai, in East China, will host the first China International Import Expo in November.

Selecting localities as venues for major international events has “become a constant choice”, said Vice-Foreign Minister Li Baodong, a veteran diplomat in charge of multilateral diplomacy.

China’s diplomacy also involves the public, as the country seeks to make a greater contribution to global development and world peace, he added.

Li noted that a growing number of Chinese are traveling abroad or conducting exchanges in areas such as academic research.

“So, diplomacy is not just a mission for the diplomatic authorities or academic institutions. Every Chinese person has a duty to boost publicity for the country,” he said.

China is also reinforcing publicity overseas as it sends official delegations to campaign for the country to be chosen as the host of major events, such as the first China International Import Expo in Shanghai.

The first stop of the global road show for the expo was in Spain on Jan 19, where China’s ambassador to the country and officials from the Ministry of Commerce spoke to their Spanish counterparts and businesspeople about the highlights of, and favorable conditions for, the event.

Later, the road show moved on to countries on various continents, such as Singapore, Tajikistan, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Gabon and Canada.

“In Belgium, great interest was displayed by the government, business circles and individuals,” said Qu Xing, ambassador to Belgium.

The Belgian government has assigned a department to oversee liaisons in this regard, a number of major business councils and associations have held campaigns, and businesses have asked how they can take part in the expo, he added.

He advised them that rather than concentrating on imports and exports, the Shanghai expo will focus solely on imports, adding that the event will provide a great opportunity for those looking for greater mutually beneficial cooperation with China, and will also allow the Chinese market to gain better knowledge of their goods.